Volume 45, N. 1

Special Issue: Thermal Applications in Geotechnical Engineering (Invited Editors: F. Saboya, J.S. McCartney), January-March, 2022

Centrifuge modeling of temperature effects on the pullout capacity of torpedo piles in soft clay

Article

Volume 45, N. 1, Special Issue: Thermal Applications in Geotechnical Engineering (Invited Editors: F. Saboya, J.S. McCartney), January-March, 2022 | PDF (14 downloads)

Abstract

This study presents the results from centrifuge modeling experiments performed to understand the effects of temperature changes on the vertical pullout capacity of scalemodel torpedo piles embedded in soft clay layers. The model torpedo pile is a pointed stainless-steel cylinder with fins at the top, installed by self-weight to the base of a clay layer using a stepper motor. An internal electrical resistance heater was used to control the pile temperature. The torpedo pile was first heated until the temperature and pore water pressure of the surrounding clay layer stabilized (drained conditions), after which the torpedo pile was cooled. Pullout tests performed on torpedo piles indicate that allowing drainage of excess pore water pressures induced by heating to different temperatures followed by cooling leads to an increase in axial pullout capacity with maximum temperature but does not affect the pullout stiffness. Push-pull T-bar penetration tests performed before and after pile heating indicate that an increase in undrained shear strength of the clay occurs near the torpedo pile, and post-test gravimetric water content measurements indicate a greater decrease in void ratio occurred in the soil layers heated to higher temperatures. The pullout capacity of the torpedo pile was found to follow a linear trend with maximum pile temperature change, but with a smaller slope than that observed for end-bearing energy piles tested in previous studies in the same clay.

Keywords: Thermal improvement, Torpedo piles, Centrifuge physical modelling, Pullout testing,


Submitted on January 20, 2022.
Final Acceptance on February 11, 2022.
Discussion open until May 31, 2022.
DOI: 10.28927/SR.2022.000822