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Soft soil
<p>The test sites analyzed here consist of clay deposits located in the Jacarepaguá Lowlands in Rio de Janeiro, characterized by high plasticity, high compressibility and low undrained shear strength. The deposits are made up of lightly overconsolidated aged clays, montmorillonite being the predominant clay mineral. Soft clay deposits are usuall...
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<p>Although embankments on soft soils with prefabricated vertical drains (PVDs) under vacuum preloading have been widely studied, there is a lack of studies in the literature in which overall stability is analysed through three-dimensional (3D) mechanical-hydraulic coupled modelling. In order to contribute to overcome such deficiency, this paper presents 3...
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<p>The use of granular column is one of the ground improvement methods used for soft soils. This method improves the foundation soils mechanical properties by displacing the soft soil with the compacted granular columns. The columns have high permeability that can accelerate the excess pore water pressure produced in soft soils and increase the undrained s...
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Soil-cement bottom reinforcement is commonly used in braced excavations in soft soils, so that ground displacements can be reduced and excavation safety against bottom failure increase. However, there is a lack of studies in the literature regarding such reinforced excavations in which the stability against bottom heave is analysed through mechanical-hydraulic c...
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