Volume 44, N. 4

October-December 2021

CPTu-based approaches for cyclic liquefaction assessment of alluvial soil profiles


Volume 44, N. 4, October-December 2021 | PDF (43 downloads)


Over the years, methods to assess cyclic liquefaction potential based on piezocone penetration tests (CPTu) have been developed. This paper presents a comparative study between three CPTu-based methodologies, mainly in terms of the normalization procedures of overburden stresses, equivalent clean sand resistance, and magnitude scaling factor (MSF). Four CPTu profiles from a pilot site in southwest Portugal are thoroughly analysed with different methods, in terms of factor of safety against liquefaction, the Liquefaction Potential Index (LPI), and the Liquefaction Severity Number (LSN). The site presents very heterogeneous soil profiles, composed of alluvial deposits. Due to the presence of significant sand-silt–clay interbedded layers, the influence of transition zones and the use of different soil behaviour type index (Ic) cut-off values were also considered. From these analyses, a set of recommendations is presented for CPTu-based liquefaction assessment. Based on the extensive database of CPTu results in the pilot site area, a new classification relating LPI and LSN is proposed to assess liquefaction severity and damage.

Keywords: Liquefaction, CPTu, Transition layers, Liquefaction Potential Index, Liquefaction Severity Number,

Submitted on May 03, 2021.
Final Acceptance on August 11, 2021.
Discussion open until February 28, 2022.
DOI: 10.28927/SR.2021.070121