Volume 45, N. 2, April-June, (in progress) 2022 | PDF(26 downloads)
Due to the importance of surface and subsurface settlements to prevent damages to building foundations and sensitive structures in the urban cities, in this study, the ABAQUS finite element software has used to conduct a series of numerical modeling analysis on ground surface settlement caused from the asynchronous excavation of twin-tunnel. The effects of tunnel diameter, center-to-center tunnel spacing, and tunnel depth are discussed in detail and the shape of the surface settlement curves is also plotted. The numerical modeling has been verified by the results of three sequential twin-tunneling centrifuge tests conducted by the City University of London with 94.22%, 98.71% and 99.56% accuracy, respectively. Based on the results of this study, reducing the tunnel diameter decreases the amount of the maximum ground surface settlements and reducing the depth of tunnels and the distance between twin-tunnel to less than 2D (D is the diameter of the tunnels) increase the maximum surface settlements. Installation of 30 cm of tunnel lining can decrease the maximum ground surface settlement up to almost 79%.