Volume 46, N. 1, January-March 2023 | PDF(15 downloads)
The need to develop and commercialize materials incorporating vegetable fibers has risen over the last 20 years to decrease environmental impact and achieve sustainability. In geotechnical engineering, soil reinforcement with plant-based fibers has gained a lot of interest, especially in temporary earthworks. Soil reinforcement with plant-based fibers is a low-cost, environmentally friendly method with excellent reproducibility and accessibility. In this context, growing appeals for using plant-based fibers such as sisal, coir, curauá, and kenaf for manufacturing new geomaterials have been verified. This paper aims to evaluate the mechanical behavior of soil-fiber composites by insertion of natural coir fibers into a sandy soil matrix with different fiber lengths and contents, where the fibers were randomly distributed in the soil mass. Large-scale direct shear test evaluated the strength-displacement behavior in samples with dimensions of 300 x 300 mm and 200 mm in height. The tests were carried out using fibers with 25 and 50 mm lengths, in 0.50 and 0.75% of fiber contents (in relation to the dry weight of the soil), in a relative density of 50% and 10% moisture content. The overall analysis of the results showed that the coir fibers addition in the well-graded sand increased the shear strength parameters and the ductility, compared with the unreinforced sand.